Irene Dea Collier, Chinese Mythology (Китайская Мифология)
Язык: Английский | Enslow Publishers | ISBN 0766014126 | 2001 | PDF | 2.7Мб | 129 стр.
На Мифы Древнего Китая оказывали влияние китайские народные религии (язычество), Конфуцианство, Даосизм и Буддизм. Но мифы Китая восходят к (языческому) культу предков, — древнее чем четыре перечисленные религии…
- In the fifth century B.C., the philosopher Confucius introduced his ideas, which stressed fulfilling obligations and maintaining proper conduct. Although Confucianism is not a religion, its influence is deeply ingrained in Chinese ideas about behavior and government.
- Between 600–300 B.C. Taoism emerged. At first, it was a philosophy that encouraged people to seek harmony with the Tao, or the Way, a nature force. Later, it evolved into a religious system involving many gods, goddesses, spirits, ghosts, demons, magical powers, and the quest for immortality.
- In A.D. 67 Buddhism was introduced to China from India. It contributed two powerful religious and mythical figures: the Buddha, a real, historical person who later became a divinity, and Kuan Yin, the goddess of mercy. It also introduced the concept of reincarnation, the idea that a person may be reborn into another life.